Hepatitis B is a virus which is also known as infectious jaundice. If you have reason to believe that you have caught Hepatitis B, you must be examined by a doctor.
How is Hepatitis B transmitted?
Hepatitis B can be transmitted via blood and bodily fluids. This may happen through sexual contact or via needles used by someone infected with Hepatitis B. You can also be infected via blood transfusions. However, the risk of this in Sweden is almost non-existent as all blood is tested.
What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B causes tiredness, itching over the whole body, the whites of the eyes to turn yellow and loss of appetite. The disease may also cause permanent liver damage. The first symptoms usually appear 2-6 weeks after infection.
What is the testing procedure?
In order to see whether a person is infected with Hepatitis B, the doctor takes a blood sample from the arm. The blood sample can also help to identify whether the liver has been affected by the disease.
How is Hepatitis B treated?
There is no cure for Hepatitis B. The disease usually clears up after a few months. After this point, there is no longer a risk of infecting others.
What about my partner?
Your long-term partner can be protected through vaccination. In the event of other sexual contacts, a condom must be used. An infected person must follow the doctor's instructions in order to prevent other people from being infected. Your current and any previous partners who may be infected must be examined and treated if necessary.
What secondary diseases can Hepatitis B cause?
The disease fails to clear up in a small number of infected people. In this case, a person will continue to be infectious for the rest of their life. A child born to an infected mother can be given a vaccine against the disease. There is now a vaccine to prevent Hepatitis B.
A condom always provides good protection against Hepatitis B.