Gonorrhoea infections are caused by bacteria, affecting the mucous membrane of the urethra and the mucous membrane of the cervix. The throat and rectum may also be affected. Few cases are now identified in Sweden, but the number has increased in recent years. Many of those who have gonorrhoea in Sweden are infected in other countries. If you have reason to believe that you have gonorrhoea, you must seek examination by a doctor.
How is gonorrhoea transmitted?
Gonorrhoea is transmitted via vaginal and anal intercourse and by oral sex.
What are the symptoms of gonorrhoea?
Men and women get a yellowish green discharge from the urethra and may feel burning when urinating. Women may also experience a bloody discharge. The symptoms usually appear 3-5 days after infection. In some cases, it may take up to 20 days for the symptoms to appear. Some people show no symptoms.
What is the testing procedure?
A Urin sample sometime completed with a sample taken with a cotton swab from the urethra and the cervix, and sometimes from the throat and rectum. Some doctors may be able to tell you immediately whether you are infected, however it is more common to have to wait a few days. Intercourse is banned until a reliable diagnosis has been made and your partner must not have intercourse before having an examination.
How is gonorrhoea treated?
Many of the gonorrhoea bacteria which occur in Sweden can be treated with penicillin. However, bacteria are often found which are resistant. In this case, different types of antibiotic must be used. A new sample is taken 1-2 weeks after completing treatment to check that the infection has cleared up. Testing and treatment are free of charge.
What about my partner?
Your current and any previous partners who may be infected must be examined and treated if necessary. There must be no intercourse during the treatment period. An infected person must follow the doctor''''s instructions in order to prevent other people from being infected.
What secondary diseases can gonorrhoea cause?
Untreated gonorrhoea may cause inflammation of the fallopian tubes in women. Men may experience inflammation of the epididymis and/or the prostate gland. The disease may lead to sterility in either sex.
Tell the doctor if you were infected abroad or by someone who has recently been abroad. This helps to ensure that you receive the right treatment. Also remember that a condom always provides good protection against gonorrhoea.